Letters from Bishop Francis Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse 1904-1919

Letters from Bishop Francis Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse, 1904-1919

Introduction

Bishop Chavasse wrote to his son Christopher frequently from 1904-08, when Christopher was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Oxford. Christopher was active in sport and in the Trinity Church Society, but ultimately less successful in his exams. Bishop Chavasse was busy in Liverpool, and frequently discussed his work in the diocese.

The wartime correspondence is incomplete, beginning in August 1917. It covers the family's reaction to Noel Chavasse's death, Aidan's disappearance and the continuing war service of the surviving Chavasse family.

The letters are presented in the order assigned to them by Bodleian Special Collections - some may be out of chronological order. Questions, corrections and enquiries about the use of images should be directed to archives@spc.ox.ac.uk.

Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 22 Mar 1904

Francis James Chavasse wonders how Christopher and Noel fared in the Schools. The home seems strange without them. He has been to Birkdale and Warrington. He suggests that they show Arthur Chavasse (1887-1916) some places to go in Oxford. He suggests taking Arthur and Frances Chavasse (1847-1928) to Wycliffe Hall. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 23 Mar 1904

Francis James Chavasse and the rest of the family are proud that Christopher and Noel have done well on the first day of examinations. Aidan has gone for a hare and hounds chase. They are going to a meeting at the Liverpool Philharmonic Hall. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Aidan Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                            14 Sep 1904

Aidan thanks Christopher for the postcards. He has been unable to buy the cakes that Christopher mentioned, but has been able to buy some shells. He describes what he has been doing at school. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 16 Sep 1904

Francis James Chavasse encloses a letter from Rev Herbert Rivington [see below]. He has told Rev Rivington that they will probably visit over Easter. He hopes that Noel is feeling better. Aidan and Bernard have returned to school. Bernard could have been promoted a year but asked to remain in his current class. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Rev Herbert Rivington to Francis James Chavasse              15 Sep 1904

Rivington suggests that Christopher and Noel Chavasse come to stay with him. Sent from Hardshaw Street, St. Helens, Lancs.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               29 Oct 1904

Francis James Chavasse suggests that Christopher try to work six hours a day at Oxford. May has got measles. Bernard and Aidan are having to stay away from school. The family went to see the Archbishop of Canterbury [Randall Davidson (1848-1930)] return from America. On Sunday he preached to members of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. On Monday he visited the Oxford Medical Mission in London, of which Dr John Stansfeld (1854-1939) is head. Aunt Fanny is very unwell. Mr and Mrs Dewhurst are staying with them. The Hostel [for ordinands, at the Bishop’s Palace in Liverpool] is going well. He gives some advice about student life. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 8 Nov 1904

Francis James Chavasse has been ill with a cold. He reflects upon Christopher’s passing in to adulthood. He suggests that Christopher and Noel take guidance from their tutors. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              12 Nov 1904

Francis James Chavasse has just returned from the opening of the new building at University College Liverpool [poss the George Holt Building]. The family are happy to hear of Christopher’s success in the Freshmen’s Sports. He jokes that this is a worthy continuation of his success in a race at Christ Church in 1866. The family are sorry that Noel was injured and couldn’t take part. Marjorie and Aidan are currently ill. Yesterday he instituted the new Rector of Liverpool. He suggests that Christopher and Noel ask their tutors for work to do over the vacation. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              26 Nov 1904

Francis James Chavasse looks forward to Christopher and Noel returning from Oxford. He notes that they may be able to do their best reading during the vacation. The house was full for 3 days for the Ordination Examination. Ethel and her husband have been to London. He went this afternoon to Wigan and then to Hindley. He is glad that Christopher heard the Bishop of London, Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (1858-1946). Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 Dec 1904

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher is having a good term. He suggests that he does not make himself too busy, or allow games to distract him from work. He warns in particular against travelling out of Oxford to play sports. He warns him not to spend all of his £50 this term. He advises against buying a phonograph. He will talk to Christopher about the issue of private confession over the vacation. He is glad to hear that Christopher is attending Mr Dyson’s and Mr Grey’s Bible Readings. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                2 Feb 1905

Francis James Chavasse hopes that Christopher and Noel feel more at home now that they are starting their second term. He will be paying £55 into their accounts in total. Last week he attended a series of annual meetings of Diocesan Societies. On Thursday he went to a bishop’s meeting in London. Francis Chavasse Squires (1885-1915) is doing well at Sandhurst. He provides updates on aunts Maggie and Fanny. May is now feeling better. Dorothy is taking show jumping[?] lessons. He will try to visit Oxford on 27 Feb. Sent from 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              11 Feb 1905

Francis James and Edith Chavasse hope that Noel no longer has headaches after his lacrosse injury. Dorothy has gone to stay at the Linthurst. He went to London on Tuesday to attend a meeting of the Ecclesiastical Commission. On Thursday there was a lively meeting at Liverpool Town Hall about the situation in Macedonia and Armenia, at which a motion was passed in favour of Sultan Abdul Hamid II (1842-1918). He discusses William Henry Quilliam (1856-1932), who spoke at the meeting. He and Edith will go to York on Wednesday for Convocation, with Marjorie left in charge. Bernard is now playing for his school team. The Liverpool Hostel men have been playing hockey. Sent from 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse  Not dated [c.1904]

Francis James Chavasse has been thinking a great deal about his sons. He says he will not be disappointed if they are rejected by Trinity. He hopes that Arthur Chavasse (1887-1916) is also successful, noting that he has had a tough time recently. He will be in the House of Lords this afternoon, and hopes to return to Liverpool tonight.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                4 Mar 1905

Francis James Chavasse hopes that Christopher was able to recover the coins he dropped at the train station. He enjoyed his visit to Trinity and thinks that their rooms are excellent. Yesterday Edith Chavasse went with Marjorie and Aidan to stay in Pendyffryn. Bernard is staying at home to work on his photographic equipment, and May is needed to play the organ in chapel. Edith is getting better, and sends word that Mary Maude (1819-1913) has been nursing Jenny, her pet monkey. He offers to send Christopher money if he needs it. He reminds Christopher not to spend too much time and energy on sport. Sent from 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              17 Mar 1905

Francis James Chavasse will not be able to read a paper before the Trinity Church Society next term, though may be able to do so later. He congratulates Christopher on his sporting success. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              24 Apr 1905

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher for the cuff studs. He is disappointed that he will not see the twins before they return to Oxford, as he had some important matters he wished to talk about. He always talked to his own father before returning to Oxford. He recommends sticking to arrangements and not inconveniencing others. Sent from The Palace, 9 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               2 May 1905

Francis James Chavasse is sorry that he was unable to spend time with Christopher and Noel before they left for Oxford. Christopher will need to work hard to pass his Law Preliminary exam. He thinks that Christopher will be able to read History, taking his degree in the summer of 1907. He can then read Theology, or another subject that will be useful for his future work. He recommends that Christopher focus on prayer, Bible reading, exercise and study. He describes his own spiritual awakening as a student. Sent from Bontddu, Dolgellau.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse             19 May 1905

Francis James and Edith Chavasse stayed a Bishopthorpe on Wednesday and Thursday for Convocation. On Friday he instituted Mr Cook, the new vicar of St. Catherine's, Abercromby Square. He went to a dinner party to meet Bishop William Ridley (1836-1911), who came to speak for the Church Missionary Society. Ridley was joined on Monday by Sir Charles Warren (1840-1927). He has been busy looking after candidate for the Ordination Examination. On Monday he will be having lunch with some Wycliffe Hall and Liverpool Hostel men. They have decided to go to Maughold, near Ramsey, for August. He describes some of the gifts that have been given to the church recently. Elsie has gone home. He describes he break in Bontddu. Sent from The Palace, 9 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse             19 May 1905

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher for sending him a second pair of cuff studs. He tells Christopher that God has a plan for him, and that his current experiences are part of God’s plan. He suggests that God usually humbles people before lifting them up, and that it is normal for Christopher to feel some discontent. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                6 Jun 1905

Francis James Chavasse will be coming to Oxford on Thursday to look for new men for the Hostel [in Liverpool.] He asks if a lunch can be prepared for him. He will have tea with Gibbon and dinner with Archibald. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              18 Jun 1905

Francis James Chavasse enjoyed his short visit to Oxford. He was kept for a long time at the Royal Commission in London, and saw the Ecclesiastical Commissioners afterwards. He will be going to Cambridge to take the marriage of Mr McCormick [?], who is marrying a second cousin of Mr Howson [poss James Francis Howson (1856–1934)]. He will then go to London for a meeting of Bishops and will visit Aunt Maggie. He will be satisfied whatever the result of Christopher’s examination. He recommends sleeping well and getting fresh air. He suggests making his exams a subject of prayer. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              14 Oct 1905

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher, Noel and Arthur all passed their Divinity Examination. He hopes that Christopher keeps up his reading of the Greek Testament. He warns against letting his standards drop in his second year at Oxford. He suggests joining a college Bible Circle if Mr Dyson is unable to continue talking to them. He reminds Christopher not be ashamed to be known as a man who intends to take Holy Orders, and to stay true to this Evangelical beliefs. Bishop Edward Hodges (1849-1928) stayed with them last night, and the Bishop of Ripon [William Boyd Carpenter (1841-1918)] will stay with them tomorrow. Aidan is feeling better. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                7 Nov 1905

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Edith is going to Oxford to see her sons for their birthday. Christopher’s last letter made him uneasy. He read an account of the Bishop of London’s [Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (1858-1946)] sermon and fears it is an accurate account of Oxford at present. He also heard the Bishop of Stepney’s [Cosmo Lang (1864-1945)] sermon which discussed the prevalence of drunkenness at Oxford. He doesn’t think that such drunken behaviour would have been accepted when he was at Corpus Christi College. He does not know what the ‘ragging’ in Christopher’s room consisted of, nor who was responsible, but considers it a poor use of time and unfair on the scouts who had to clean up the mess. He suggests that Christopher move out in to lodgings if he is unable to avoid such behaviour in College. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                8 Nov 1905

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher a happy 21st birthday tomorrow. He recalls the day that Christopher and Noel were born. He asks what present Christopher would like. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 10 Nov 1905

Francis James Chavasse congratulates his sons on their successes in athletics, which he read about in The Times. He is glad that they do not get jealous of each other’s achievements. He offers to house a fellow student over the Christmas vacation, suggesting that an otherwise homeless Rhodes Scholar might be appropriate. He asks that Christopher and Noel invite G.R. Channer to a meal at some point. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              22 Nov 1905

Francis James Chavasse has been very busy with work associated with the Visitation. His addresses have been well attended. He has been following Christopher’s progress in athletics, and reminds him not to overstrain himself. They took the car over to Wigan yesterday. Bishop Peter Sorenson Royston (1830-1915) came over to lunch last Thursday. Dorothy has gone to stay with Ethel Knox (1879–1958) for a few days. May is now a reserve for the Lancashire Hockey team. Marjorie has been too ill to play much hockey. He reminds Christopher not to let athletics interfere with his work. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              10 Dec 1905

Noel arrived home last night, and received a telegram saying that he had passed his exam. He hopes that Christopher’s aunt and Grandmother will be coming to stay. Toby has died. He appeared this week as a witness for Edward Russell, 1st Baron Russell of Liverpool (1834-1920) in his libel trial. The trial was called in Russell’s favour. He discusses the proliferation of pubs in Liverpool. He is glad that his Visitation is over and that he will have more time available. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavassse             30 Jan 1906

On Wednesday, Francis James and Edith Chavasse went to stay with the Archbishop of Canterbury [Randall Davidson (1848-1930)]. Unfortunately the Archbishop of Canterbury was confined to bed for most of their stay, on the recommendation of Dr Thomas Barlow (1845-1945). Edith went to visit Janet Chavasse, who is training to be a nurse, and Mrs Palmer in Notting Hill. He went to see Arthut Stickhel[?] who has been ill since the time of his ordination. He is glad that Christopher got through his paper on Temperance. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                6 Feb 1906

Francis James Chavasse has read Christopher’s paper on Temperance. He made some alterations but otherwise thinks that the paper is very good. He asks Christopher to tell Noel that he spent an hour at the Grafton Street Industrial School this afternoon to meet some of the Trustees. Tomorrow he goes to London for a meeting of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and will visit Aunt Maggie on the way back. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850-1942), will be laying the Foundation Stone of the Chapter House at Liverpool Cathedral on 14 May. Samuel James Waring, 1st Baron Waring (1860-1940) and his sons are providing the stalls in the choir of the Cathedral. He is sorry that the London team were victorious at lacrosse. He may be able to visit on 26 Feb. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              19 Feb 1906

Francis James Chavasse has agreed with Gibbon to see a number of undergraduates on 26 Feb. He will try to take the Bible reading at 7.45. He is glad that the meeting of Christopher’s Church Society went well. He and Edith will come to Oxford at 12.10, but ask Christopher not to let them distract him from his work. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              16 Mar 1906

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher has been selected for the Oxford second string in the quarter mile races. He thinks that Christopher behaved generously to Noel, who may be feeling tired at the moment. Noel tells him that Christopher is leaving Oxford tomorrow – he asks Christopher to remember his principles, to do what is right and to steer clear of alcohol. Canon Sidney A. Alexander (1866-1948) and his wife are staying with them. He took them to see that Cathedral foundations, which are nearly finished. A visitor from Grafton Street Industrial School came to visit Noel on Wednesday. He will be going to the House of Lords on Tuesday. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              19 Mar 1906

Francis James Chavasse has telephoned the Clerk of Parliament to arrange admission for Christopher, his aunt and Miss Squires. The group can meet Francis James Chavasse, Edith Chavasse and Mrs Palmer in the afternoon. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               5 May 1906

Francis James Chavasse describes his recent travels, including his trip to York for Convocation. He discusses the threat of the secularisation of state education. Aidan and Bernard will be coming home soon. He is unsure when Dorothy, Marjorie and Elsie are leaving Bontddu. There is a parade [?] in Liverpool this afternoon. He will going to Billinge, Hendley and Warrington in the next couple of days. George Nickson (1864-1949) has been made a Canon of Durham and Suffragen Bishop of Jarrow. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 Nov 1906

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher for his last letter, noting that he wrote with small handwriting, and jokingly replies in the same fashion. He is sending Dr. Plummers’ Lectures on The Reformation. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                8 Nov 1906

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher a happy birthday. He notes that if Christopher wishes to enter the Church, he will soon be able to take a course to prepare him for it. He hopes that the prospect of finishing his degree is motivating Christopher to work conscientiously. He will be going to London for the Education Debate, and may be able to go via Oxford. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              17 Nov 1906

Francis James Chavasse enjoyed visiting Christopher, Noel and Arthur in Oxford. He hopes that Christopher invites his friends to stay in Liverpool over the Christmas Vacation. He visited Canon Alfred Millard William Christopher (1820-1913) who is very weak but still active. He recalls the first time he met Canon Christopher, 41 years previously. Bernard has come home to play football against Lancaster School, and Aidan has been playing hockey for the Hostel. Marjorie and May have been in Southport playing in the Lancashire lacrosse trials. 30 men will be sitting the Ordination Examination next week, though he thinks there ought to be more. He is glad that Christopher and Noel are going to Greek Testament reading classes. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              26 Nov 1906

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher did so well at sports on Saturday. He jokes about Christopher’s poor spelling. He may be able to visit Oxford next week. He jokes about Christopher’s smoking habit. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 Dec 1906

Francis James Chavasse has just read prayers in the House of Lords. He describes his experience of a sleeper train. He will be present at an important debate on education tonight. He is staying with Aunt Ada [Ada Squiers 1850-1922]. He is hoping to visit his old parishioners in St. Peter le Bailey next week. He is sorry to say that only five, rather than eight, deacons will be ordained. Bernard had a good birthday. Edith Chavasse is going to Rhyl tomorrow. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               24 Jan 1907

Francis James Chavasse describes his plan for visiting Oxford with Edith. On Sunday, he will be preaching at St. Giles, addressing the Prayer Meeting and then preaching at St Mary’s. He will be staying in Barnt Green tomorrow night. Edith is going to Pendyffryn. He will visit Aunt Ada [Ada Squiers 1850-1922] this evening. He will return to Liverpool on Monday. Sent from Hotel York.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              27 Feb 1907

Francis James and Edith Chavasse are staying at the residence of the Archbishop of York [William Maclagan (1826-1910)]. They have been discussing the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Ecclesiastical Discipline. He tells an amusing story about Aidan’s first shave. May has been made a reserve for the England hockey team. He hopes that Christopher and Noel will be able to stay with them over Easter. He wishes Christopher well in the sports. Sent from Bishopthorpe, York.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              20 Mar 1907

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher and Noel success in the University sports on Friday. He will be busy in London, but hopes to see them before Easter. Edith will be coming with him to London and will stay the night with Aunt Ada [Ada Squires (1850-1922)]. Marjorie has gone to Richmond. May is working with the Girl’s Club. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               4 May 1907

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher and Noel are settled back in Oxford. He thinks that Christopher will find Dr Robert Lawrence Ottley’s (1856-1933) lectures useful. He is glad the Christopher was not injured in the lacrosse match. He is unsure how to help Christopher’s friend [poss Alfred Robertson], but may be able to advise him if he visits Liverpool. He suggests that the friend try a theological college rather than going to university. He has hurt his shoulder and finds it difficult to write. He thanks Noel for the interesting newspaper clipping. Marjorie and Edith have been suffering with colds. He gives Christopher some advice for college life. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              15 Aug 1907

Francis James Chavasse will not be able to go to Ireland after all, as he has been summoned to London to discuss the Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act. He has asked Edith to send Christopher some money. He gives Christopher directions for his trip to Ireland. Sent from The House of Lords.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               20 Oct 1907

Francis James Chavasse reports that Edith Chavasse is starting to get better. He describes a trip to St Helens. He has been busy with the sermons and meetings of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. A lay preacher, Mr Lane Clayton[?] stayed with them. A large congregation attended the farewell service for Dr Lander[?]. On Wednesday he went to Aysgarth to preach for Mr D.H. Moore. He is going to London on Monday for several engagements, which he lists. He hopes that Christopher, Noel and Arthur will go to the University Church to listen to the Bishop of Chester [Francis Jayne 1845-1921]. He has paid £75 into each of Christopher and Noel’s accounts. Kittermaster [possibly Rev. F. W. Kittermaster] spoke encouragingly of an address given by Christopher to his boys. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                2 Nov 1907

Francis James Chavasse has been confirming in Wigan. He is glad to hear that Christopher is on the football team and is doing well for his college. He spoke to Harold Dingwall Bateson [1855-1927] about the Trinity College football team. Edith Chavasse is getting better. Aidan and Bernard are free for half-term, and have gone to stay in Weston[?]. Most of the men in the Hostel are away at the moment. He suggests that Christopher use his prize money to buy history and theology textbooks. Dr Charles Macalister sends his congratulations to both Christopher and Noel.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher and Noel Chavasse 9 Nov 1907

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher and Noel Chavasse a happy birthday. He and Edith are glad that the twins have been successful on the running track. He takes great comfort in the knowledge that Christopher is intending on a life in the Church. He has invited Mr Temple [possibly William Temple (1881–1944)] and Mr Brown to stay. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              25 Nov 1907

Edith Chavasse is feeling better. Francis James Chavasse has been busy laying foundation stones, giving special sermons and performing other duties. Last Tuesday he spoke at the Mechanics' Institute in Crewe. He describes an incident in which a special train was put on for him so that he could return to Liverpool in good time. 35 men took the Ordination Examination last week. He thanks Christopher for his account of poor behaviour at Balliol, and will consider sending Bernard somewhere else if his enquiries support Christopher’s claims. However he suggests that a description of Trinity College might read similarly. Temple, Burroughs, Brown and Bishop Montgomery are coming to stay in Liverpool in January [possibly Bishop Henry Montgomery (1847-1932)]. He is happy to invite Lloyd. Mr Palmer [possibly Edwin James Palmer (1869-1954)] may also be coming. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                6 Dec 1907

Francis James Chavasse has sent £20 to Christopher’s account, making £80 for the term. He asks Christopher keep his expenses down. He would be happy for Mr Williamson to stay with them in Liverpool. They will have about 30 people staying with them before Christmas. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                1 Feb 1908

Francis James Chavasse has been busy attending meetings of Bishops and of the Commissioners. Edith Chavasse has been down to London, and seems better for the trip. May has been selected to play hockey for the North of England. Mrs Simpson Carson [?] has given him a silver tea and coffee service, to give to Christopher as a kind of heirloom. He hopes that Christopher gives up football so that he has more time for reading. He reminds Christopher to maintain his Christian faith. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               24 Apr 1908

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher and Noel luck for their last term at Oxford. He suggests that reading should be prioritised over athletics. He provides some tips for studying. Bernard has been accepted at Balliol and is very happy with the news. Aidan has been ill but looks better today. Edith seems better, and walked with him to Penmaenpool last night. Dorothy has been walking a lot – he jokes that being in love has given her more energy. He has paid £50 in to Christopher and Noel’s accounts for the coming term. He recalls his own experience of taking finals. Sent from Bontddu, Dolgellau.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse             17 May 1908

Francis James Chavasse hopes to come to Oxford on Tuesday to attend a meeting at Wycliffe Hall. He asks if Christopher could arrange a lunch for him. He asks if he could see Arthur while he is there. He will try not to distract Christopher from his reading and running. Sent from The Palace, 9 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse        20 May 1906 [?]

Francis James Chavasse congratulates Trinity College on their success during Eights Week, and suggests that Christopher celebrate. He has been busy with Confirmations and Education Meetings. He is currently in London to attend an important meeting. He has seen Howard and Miriam. Edith has gone to Overton to see her mother, Mary Maude (1819-1913). Mary Maude will be going to Hockley with uncle Samuel Maude (1845-1919), aunt Mary Maude (1848-1934) and Cecily Hooper Maude. Cecily and Louis Edward Maude (1891-1916) have been staying at the Palace for a few days. Bishop Edward Bickersteth (1825-1906) has died. The family may be going to the Holy Island off Holyhead for their summer holiday. Sent as from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              31 May 1908

Francis James Chavasse feels that he has never been busier than he is at present. He has been to the York Convocation and a Bishop’s meeting in London, as well as carrying out his normal work around the Diocese. This morning he welcomed 120 Germans to Liverpool Cathedral – he recommends that Christopher learns German if he can. Bernard and Aidan are going together on a tour of North Wales. Marjorie is currently in Pen Dyffryn, and May will take her place tomorrow. He gives Christopher some study advice. He reassures Christopher that he and Edith will be satisfied with whatever degree classification he receives. He is glad that Christopher did not run in the Olympic trials, as it may have been a distraction. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                1 Jun 1908

Francis James Chavasse thinks that Christopher should not be so hard on himself. He thinks that everyone looks back on the past and wishes that they could have done better. He suggests that the Christian life consists of a succession of failures and new starts. He reminds Christopher that he is doing God’s work by studying hard, and that soon he will be able to come to the Hostel in Liverpool. He asks Christopher when his exams start, and promises to pray for him. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              10 Jun 1908

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher good luck for his exam tomorrow. He reminds Christopher that he and Edith will be proud of him whatever degree result he obtains. Yesterday he went to the funeral of Frank Chavasse, his eldest cousin and godfather. Frank left Christopher and Noel £100 in his will. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              15 Jun 1908

Francis James Chavasse tells Christopher Chavasse that it is acceptable to ask for God’s blessing before taking exams. He is glad that Christopher got questions that he had not anticipated, as his answers will not show any evidence of cramming. He stresses that he will be proud of Christopher as long as he does his best. He was shocked by the sudden death of Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby (1841-1908). Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               17 Oct 1908

Francis James Chavasse has travelled to Newcastle to address local clergy. He is staying with the Bishop of Newcastle, Norman Straton (1840-1918). He has transferred £60 each to Christopher and Noel’s bank accounts. He describes what has happened since last Saturday. There will be a special service in the Cathedral on Sunday, after which 18 Officers of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve will have lunch with them. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                1 Dec 1908

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher Chavasse luck with his exam. He encloses a document [non extant] for Christopher to sign. Sent from Westminster.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              21 Jun 1909

Francis James Chavasse gives Christopher some advice for his exam. He thinks that George Foster-Carter [Christopher's brother in law] may be able to advise also. He asks that Christopher send him a telegram as soon as he knows the result. The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse         10 Aug 1909 [?]

Francis James Chavasse is glad that Christopher is happy, and that he is gaining an insight in to the world of business. They have good weather on the Isle of Man, and much of the family are there - uncle Percy Wilson (1852-1949), aunt Miriam Wilson (1848-1938), cousin Maggie, Dorothy Foster-Carter and George Foster-Carter. Aidan joined them on Thursday after his time at Camp. Sent from King William’s College, Isle of Man.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                2 Dec 1909

Francis James Chavasse has been asked by Medill[?] to address a devotional meeting at Oxford tomorrow. He discusses his experiences in the House of Lords, during a time that he describes as an ‘historic crisis’. He says he would have voted for the Finance Bill, had he been free to do so. This afternoon, he listened to Asquith and Balfour speaking on the action of the House of Lords. May and Marjorie have beaten Middlesex and Kent at hockey. Sent from Richmond.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                5 Mar 1910

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher luck in giving his first sermon. He thinks that Christopher’s experience of public speaking will be beneficial. He encourages him to remember that he is doing God’s work. Sent from the Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              18 Mar 1910

Francis James Chavasse returns Spinks' letter, having sent an introduction to the Dean of Carlisle [William Barker (1838-1917)]. Marjorie, May and the Baroness have gone to Gwlfa today. Bernard has been helping as a chauffeur. Aidan has written about Smalls. He will return Christopher's sermon shortly. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              24 Mar 1910

Francis James Chavasse encloses a cheque for £20 to make up for the fact that Christopher will not receive his stipend until 20 May. He will return Christopher's sermon shortly. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               20 Apr 1910

Francis James Chavasse returns Christopher’s sermons. He thinks that they are both good. He suggests that Christopher writes larger, so that he can still read his sermons in the future when his eyesight is poorer. He also recommends that Christopher check his spelling and use of vocabulary. He is going to the funeral of uncle Henry Squires (1846-1910).

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                  2 Jul 1910 [?]

Francis James Chavasse thinks that Christopher’s sermon is a good one. He suggests not trying to write more than one sermon per week. He has asked Mr Bardsley to give Christopher no more than one sermon, one address and one Bible class lesson per week. The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                 2 Jul 1910

Francis James Chavasse sends Christopher the sermon that he asked for, called “The Loneliness of Christ”. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               13 Jul 1910

Francis James Chavasse is happy to deliver addresses, and asks what kind Christopher is looking for. Bates will send Bartlett’s [Daniel Bartlett (1871-1957)] pamphlets about Mormonism. He discusses the presence of Mormon’s in St. Helen’s. He offers to send Christopher money. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               21 Jul 1910

Francis James Chavasse encloses a cheque for £10 for Christopher’s holiday. He gives some financial advice. He has asked the footballers what kind of address they want. Bernard returned home this morning and is thinking of going to camp. Alice West [?] is staying with them, and Aidan is also there for his last Board Examination. Tomorrow he is consecrating the church of St Matthew, Highfield, before preaching in London on Saturday. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                4 Aug 1910

Francis James Chavasse has been thinking of Christopher and Bernard at camp, and wonders how they are coping with the weather. He hopes that Christopher’s neuralgia doesn’t come back. They had a good time at Pen Dyffryn, though Christopher’s grandmother was unwell. Uncle Samuel Maude (1845-1919), aunt Mary Maude (1848-1934) seemed well. He describes their journey to the Isle of Man, and their welcome from the Bishop of Sodor and Man, Thomas Drury [1847-1926]. He describes where they are staying and what they have been up to. Sent from Ingebrech [?], Braddan, Isle of Man.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              19 Aug 1910

Francis James Chavasse and the rest of the family are having a pleasant time at St David’s. He tells the story of their journey from Haverfordwest. He describes the Bishop’s House near St David’s Cathedral, where they are staying, and what they have been getting up to. Bernard will be staying with the Baron von Esebeck for a few week in order to learn German. Aidan is having organ lessons. Marjorie has been acting as housekeeper. He suggests that Christopher avoid taking on outside work, as his examination is coming soon. Sent from St David’s, Pembrokeshire.   

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              20 Aug 1910

Francis James Chavasse gives Christopher advice regarding a young couple, one of whom is an Anglican and the other a Roman Catholic. He suggests standing firm about their Anglican beliefs, while remaining calm and even-handed. He is glad that Christopher and Bernard enjoyed the camp. Sent from St David’s, Pembrokeshire.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              25 Aug 1910

Francis James Chavasse and the rest of the family will return to Liverpool on Thursday. Bernard left on Monday to stay with Baron von Esebeck in Germany. Yesterday the family went to Ramsey Island. Sent from St David’s, Pembrokeshire.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              11 Nov 1910

Francis James Chavasse was too busy to write to Christopher on his birthday, explaining that the Prayer Book revision is taking up a lot of his time. He gives Christopher some life advice. Noel has been in bed today after working too hard. Hewlett has also been in bed with influenza. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               10 Mar 1911

Francis James Chavasse encloses a copy [non extant] of the service that Christopher asked for. He assures Christopher that he is right not to rebaptise Catholics, but to receive them in to the Anglican Church in other ways. He thanks Christopher for inviting them to lunch on Sunday. He suggests that Christopher ask his vicar to reduce his workload ahead of his examinations. He is in the middle of preparing for ordination, at which Mr Gaskell is giving the addresses. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               29 Mar 1911

Francis James Chavasse explains that he was unable to visit Christopher on Monday due to a missing a train. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 May 1911

Francis James Chavasse returns three of Christopher’s sermons, which he thinks are good and show promise. He suggests that Christopher rest well before his examinations. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                13 Jul 1911

Francis James Chavasse encloses a letter from a Mr Dowling. He asks Christopher to pass it on to the relevant vicar and to ask what help can be provided. He wants it to be clear that any assistance is provided on account of his good will, and that he is not accepting legal liability for any damages. He asks for Dr O’Keefe’s address. Bernard has won the Williams Science prize [?] for Physiology and Anatomy, equal to £100 a year for two years. Sent from Wooler, Northumberland.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                Jul 1911 [?]

Francis James Chavasse advises his son about a friend, who appears to have asked Christopher for money. He suggests that Christopher doesn’t give him anything, as he currently earns little himself. He thinks this may be a valuable lesson for the friend. Sent from Wooler, Northumberland.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                18 Jul 1911

Francis James Chavasse sends a cheque for £10 to cover Christopher’s holiday. He thanks Christopher for the trouble he has taken about Mrs Dowling. He encloses a cheque to the hospital through Dr O’Keefe, and a cheque to Mr Courtenay for Mrs Dowling. He is sorry to hear that Christopher is finding Sundays difficult, and gives him some advice. The family are proud of Bernard and his academic success. He reassures Christopher that his time at Oxford was not a failure, and that he can learn from his disappointments. They are having a good time in Wooler and look forward to Christopher joining them. Sent from Wooler, Northumberland.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                28 Jul 1911

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher for his offer to share the preaching during his time in Wooler. He suggests the dates that Christopher could preach. Bernard and Aidan left for camp yesterday. Dorothy and George Foster-Carter came on Wednesday. They look forward to seeing Christopher and Noel. Sent from Wooler, Northumberland.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                8 Aug 1911

Francis James Chavasse updated Christopher on how the family holiday in Wooler is going. He hopes that the camp is going well and gives his regards to Colonel Russell. He provides directions for getting to Wooler. Sent from Wooler, Northumberland.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              21 Aug 1911

Francis James Chavasse reports that that has been no disturbance in Liverpool today, and that the news that the transport workers strike is over has eased people’s minds. There are still a few difficulties resulting from the strike, and there remains the possibility of trouble arising again. He asks Christopher to tell Noel that there is no extra work at the hospitals. Aidan has gone to Lincoln for a week. They will return to Wooler if things quieten down. He asks Christopher to pray for Liverpool and the country; he has heard that Germany might take advantage of the UK’s troubles by pressing France. He asks if Christopher saw Aidan in the Daily Mail. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                7 Sep 1911

Francis James Chavasse updates Christopher on what has happened since he left. Dorothy and Marjorie went with Percy Wilson (1852-1949) to Robin Hood’s Bay by train. He describes the journey that he, Edith, Marjorie and Bernard took by car to Robin Hood’s Bay. Aidan arrived yesterday by bicycle, and has now gone out on a boat with Bernard. He describes the area around the bay. He will meet Christopher in Liverpool on Sep 25. Sent from Robin Hood’s Bay, Yorkshire.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                8 Nov 1911

Francis James Chavasse wishes Christopher a happy birthday. He recalls the moment of their birth, and says how glad he is to have twins. He sends Christopher £1 to buy a present. Edith is still feverish and weak. Dr Charles Macalister has been attending to her. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              23 Aug 1912

Francis James Chavasse hopes to come to the opening of the new schools on 19 Sep, but will have to be back in Liverpool by 7.30. He is sorry that Christopher has been having a difficult time with work, and offers some advice. He is feeling better but cannot walk far without feeling tired. His oldest and best friend, Bertie Squires, has just died. Noel leaves on Monday to spend a few days with Dr Mitchell. George Foster-Carter will be going to Oxford on the same day. Sent from Morfa Nefyn, Caernarvonshire.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              28 Aug 1912

Francis James Chavasse has been away from Morfa Nefyn for a few days, as he went to St Albans to take the funeral of his oldest friend, Bertie Squires. He refuses to accept a cheque that Christopher has sent to him. He encloses a cheque to support Christopher’s boy scouts. He hopes to take Marjorie and May to Betws-y-Coed for their birthday tomorrow. Noel left on Monday and George Foster-Carter left today. Sent from Morfa Nefyn, Caernarvonshire.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 Sep 1912 [?]

Francis James Chavasse reports that Marjorie received her postal order. He suggests that Christopher refund the £15 in instalments when he is better off. They will be going back to Liverpool tomorrow. Sent from Morfa Nefyn.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              15 Feb 1913

Francis James Chavasse has been busy giving an address to his one ordination candidate. He has given Christopher’s address to Edith, who is currently staying with her mother in Pen Dyffryn. He suggests that Christopher come back to Liverpool for a night next week to avoid overwork. He describes a plan to install Christopher as Chaplain when Hewlett leaves in the next few months. He describes the work that Christopher would have to do. The car will not be available for use for some time, as it has been damaged in an accident. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               20 Apr 1914

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher for updating the family with postcards. He has written to Ormskirk and to Scarisbrick about the confirmations. He is not surprised that Christopher finds yachting expensive, and has already given Bernard £5 towards the cost. The family are all well, and Aidan has been driving them around excellently. Aidan has also been reading steadily. Sent from Bontddu, Dolgellau.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              12 Aug 1917

Francis James Chavasse provides further details of Noel Chavasse’s death. Noel suffered a head wound on 31 Jul, but continued to work for the next 3 nights and 2 days. He was hit by shell splinters on 2 Aug, receiving a serious abdominal wound. He was taken to 32 Casualty Clearing Station, where he was operated on by a specialist from Guy’s Hospital. The shell fragments were successfully removed, but Noel was unable to recover and passed away on 4 Aug at 1.30. Francis James Chavasse feels that their hearts are nearly broken, but that Noel did not live in vain. He has been reading Job 13.15, and discusses how death is not to be understood as a punishment from God. He does not think that Noel’s death should cause them to question their faith.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              14 Aug 1917

Francis James Chavasse encloses a copy of a letter from Francis Bernard, with copies of letters from the King’s Divisional General. He believes they are a great testimony to Noel’s character. Noel’s old Colonel came to visit, and told him that Noel has ‘the whitest soul he had ever known’. He asks Christopher if he will be able to attend a memorial service around 29 Aug [held at the Church of St. Nicholas, Liverpool]. Noel wished for his money to be given to Christopher, though the family will need help as they are not sure if he made a will. Edith Chavasse is still wan, though looking better. He emphasises that although Noel is dead, Christopher should still think of himself as having a twin brother. Sent from The Palace, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                3 Mar 1918

Francis James Chavasse is glad to hear that Christopher has returned to his work as an army chaplain. He has been preaching to wounded soldiers at the Mill Road Infirmary, at the request of Dr. Bailey. He met a Private Benson, who knew Christopher when he was in the 40th Division. Benson was impressed that Christopher had been able to secure a cinema for the men. He has had a strenuous time since saying goodbye to Christopher and Itza on 11 Feb. He thinks that the trouble with the Church Missionary Society is over. The annual meetings of the various Diocesan Societies have taken place and were well attended, particularly by younger men. Many of them asked after Christopher. They discussed the report of the Archbishop’s Committee on Church vs. State at the Diocesan Conference. William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne (1859-1942) and Martin Linton Smith (1869-1950) spoke well, but the conference was poorly attended. He asked Christopher’s friend, Mr. Wealther [?] to show more self restraint at future discussions, as his comments made many at the conference angry. Edith Chavasse has attended some meetings, suggesting that she is feeling better. They have twice had lunch with Itza Willink, and once with her parents. He think that Itza will make a good wife for Christopher. He hopes that Bernard will be able to find someone like her. May will be at home for 4 months from April, which he thinks will help Edith. The War Office have written to say that they now presume Aidan to be dead. He offers to send a copy of ‘The Glories of Jesus’ by Frederick Harper. He asks when he should send money to the prayer book fund. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                9 Mar 1918

Francis James Chavasse explains why Christopher has not received many letters from home recently; Edith is staying at Claughton and has been looking after Dorothea and trying to find servants for her. Marjorie has been trying to find two new housemaids. However, he expects that Christopher has been receiving letters from Itza Willink. They are very pleased with the effect that Itza has had on him, and hope that this will continue. He spoke at the Military Hospital on Mill Road, which he found interesting but tiring. He met a Private Benson, who knew Christopher when he was in the 40th Division. Benson was impressed that Christopher had been able to secure a cinema for the men. They are all glad about Christopher's engagement, and that Itza has provided some comfort for him since Noel’s death. The War Office have told him that they assume Aidan to be dead and are removing him from their lists. He is putting off winding up Aidan’s estate until he is sure that he is dead, but will give everything to Bernard if the time comes. He thinks that Aidan and Bernard got on similarly to Christopher and Noel, and notes that it was Bernard who went to look for Aidan in no-man’s land. He recalls a dream he had about Aidan three weeks after he went missing. He will write to Weatherall [?] to comfort him in his grief. He asks where to send money for Prayer Books. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              24 Mar 1918

Francis James Chavasse says that the thoughts of the whole nation are with the men fighting ‘for our safety and the freedom of the world’. He has no doubt that they will be victorious in the end. He is anxious about the safety of Christopher and Bernard. He conducted a confirmation service on the Indefatigable [?] with Mary Maude (1848-1934) and Miss Johnston. He asks Christopher if he remembers John Payne, now fighting in Salonika. The local train service is being reduced, which will make it difficult to serve the diocese. They have not seen since Itza since last Sunday. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                2 Apr 1918

Francis James Chavasse thanks Christopher Chavasse for sending him a Field Postcard. He has not heard any direct news from Bernard, but Gladys has heard from a wounded man, tended to by Bernard, who says that he is very busy. They are glad to hear that the German advance has rescinded for now, though he thinks that they will attack again. He and Edith think about Christopher and Bernard constantly. He is glad that Christopher has work that reconciles his separation from his Division. He thinks that Easter was a sad occasion. He preached at the Lady Chapel [of Liverpool Cathedral] and at St. Thomas’s, Wavertree. Edith went with Marjorie and May to the Holy Communion at the Lady Chapel. Marjorie and May went to Pen Dyffryn on Easter Monday. He and Edith are staying at home, as he does not want to leave the diocese. He has been very tired. They have spoken to Itza, and told her how her letters to Christopher were unsatisfactory. He jokes that she will have reprimanded Christopher by now. Edith is having the house cleaned. He encloses a copy of his address at the Diocesan Conference. The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavase to Christopher Chavasse                  7 Apr 1918

Francis James Chavasse says that, via Itza, they have received a glowing account of Christopher’s Division. They have also heard about how hard Christopher is working. They pray for his safety every day. They have not heard any news from Bernard, but have heard that he is also hard pressed. He thinks that the public are calm and resolute. Parliament will meet next week and will raise the military service age limit to 50, the clergy will be recruited for non-combatant work and some conscription will be introduced in Ireland. He has stayed at home this week, occupied with many things and sleeping often. Edith is overseeing some spring cleaning. He thinks that they will take their holiday in July. He has heard talk of a quick peace, but can’t see any sign of it himself. Itza visited them for lunch yesterday, but had to leave early to see Mrs Herbert Harrison. He notes that Christopher’s bank account is overdrawn, and offers to advance some money. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse             20 May 1918

Francis James Chavasse is on the way to Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. He will write to the individuals suggested by Christopher. He has asked Bates to send Christopher a copy of ‘Comparative Religion’ by Joseph Estlin Carpenter (1844–1927). Edith has not received Christopher’s letter about Bishop Llewellyn Gwynne (1863-1957). Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse             26 May 1918

Francis James Chavasse reports that three priests were ordained at St. Saviour’s Church earlier in the day. His one deacon failed the examination, as did another from Manchester. Canon Hempson was due to give an address, but he fell ill and Francis James had to replace him. On Monday he went to Dublin to take a Quiet Day for the Dublin clergy at Christ Church Cathedral. He stayed with the Archbishop [John Bernard (1860-1927)] at St. Stephen’s Green. He fears there is widespread discontent in Dublin, and that there would be another outbreak of violence were it not for the large number of soldiers present in the country. There are still submarines active in the Irish Sea, and so he and the other passengers were given life belts during the crossing. He was glad to receive Christopher’s letter, and will see what he can do about the matter of confession. He has had a busy week, and describes his schedule. Edith Chavasse is feeling better, having obtained some heart medication from France. They have not heard about Bernard for some time. Many American soldiers are passing through Liverpool, as many as 70,000 in one week. He asks if there is any truth in the rumour that the French were able to undermine the Germans at Kemmel. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                6 Jun 1918

Francis James Chavasse is glad to hear that Christopher is likely to get leave on Jul 15. He fears he may not be able to spend that much time with him, as he has engagements in London that he cannot rearrange. He thinks that Rev. Herbert St. Barbe Holland is a good Chaplain and describes his background. He is glad that the French are holding the Germans between the Oise and the Marne, as there will soon be a support from the American soldiers. The Americans are passing through Liverpool at the rate of 30,000 per week. He spoke to an American Chaplain who believes that the U.S.A. could supply 10 million men if necessary. Last Thursday, he spoke at a meeting at which 12,000 [?] people were present. The service was put together by Canon George Harford (1860-1921). He reports that the hospitals at Etaples have been broken up, following German bombing raids. May’s hospital was the only one that escaped. The staff of the Liverpool Merchant’s Hospital have been given a month’s leave while the buildings are transported elsewhere. May is now learning to drive the car. Edith is feeling better and has been out on several car trips. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                8 Jun 1918

Francis James Chavasse asks Christopher to sign and return a War Loan Dividend. They are getting increasingly concerned about Bernard, as they have not heard from him in over a month. It has been nearly a year since Bernard had leave, and they are hoping that he will be able to spend a fortnight in England soon. Edith Chavasse is getting better and has been accompanying him on car trips to Confirmations in the countryside. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              14 Jun 1918

Francis James Chavasse updates Christopher regarding his bank account. They have now heard from Bernard after a month of silence; he will be returning home on leave tomorrow. The arrangements for the family holiday to Bull Bay have been finalised. Francis James will be missing some of the holiday, and describes his schedule. He is hoping to use the car, as the long railways journey to Bull Bay will be distressing for Edith. He reports that the hospitals at Etaples have been broken up following German bombing raids. May’s hospital was the only one that escaped. The staff of the Liverpool Merchant’s Hospital have been given a month’s leave while the buildings are transported elsewhere. Aunt Mary Ward (1848-1934) will join them until Christopher comes with Itza, and Gladys may also join them. He reports that Mr. Bartle of Great Crosby has passed away. Uncle Joseph Hooper (1852-1927) is now able to walk better, but still has some problems. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              21 Jun 1918

Francis James Chavasse has sent a War Loan Warrant for Christopher Chavasse. Bernard returned home on Monday night. He has been suffering from the ‘flu and seems depressed. Francis James wishes that Bernard were able to find somebody like Itza, and thinks that Christopher should be glad to have found a woman like her. Bernard has gone to Blackpool with Edith and May for two days, before travelling to London with Francis James on Monday. He is going to London to attend a meeting of the Wycliffe Hall Council and the committee revising the Archbishop’s Report. He then has several other commitments before going to Bull’s Bay. He will have to leave Bull’s Bay to attend to several other commitments, before returning again. He discusses the temporary closure of the Liverpool Merchants Hospital in Etaples. He will be glad of a holiday, as he has been feeling tired. He has not yet heard any news about a Suffragen. Martin Linton Smith (1869-1950) is doing well, as is Broadbent at St. Saviour’s, Everton. Edwards is having some difficulty since the death of his son. He jokes that Bernard has gone to Blackpool wearing somebody else’s straw hat. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              29 Jun 1918

Francis James Chavasse will pay Christopher’s Dividend money into his account. He went to London with Bernard, where he attended a meeting of the Wycliffe Hall Council and the Committee of the Church House [?]. Bernard went on to Southsea to visit his Uncle Joseph Hooper (1852-1927) and Aunt Jess. He also went with his mother and May to Blackpool. May is now staying at Pen Dyffryn. Marjorie came home from the hospital on Tuesday. They will all go to Bull Bay on Tuesday morning, with Aylmer [Foster-Carter]. He will briefly leave Bull Bay. He, Edith and Marjorie might spend a week at Penmaenmawr with Mr. Leigh. They are looking forward to Christopher’s time off. Jack and Bob Thornhill have been staying with their brother in Liverpool. Earlier today, Marjorie drove him and Edith to Glazebury, where Canon Sydney Edward Dymott is vicar. He hopes to hear soon from the Archbishop of York [Cosmo Lang (1864-1945)], about getting a suffragen. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse                 7 Jul 1918

Francis James Chavasse is now in Bull Bay with Edith, Marjorie and Aylmer Foster-Carter. Aunt May joined them on Thursday. They look forward to Christopher and Itza coming to visit them. He describes where they are staying. He lists his appointments over the next few days that he will attend to before returning to Bull Bay. The Prime Minister has agreed to provide him with a Suffragen Bishop. He will nominate Martin Linton Smith (1869-1950) and George John Howson (1854-1943). Sent from Bull Bay, Anglesey.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               13 Jul 1918

Francis James Chavasse is still waiting to hear if Christopher will be able to join them next week. He describes his work activities since leaving Bull Bay. The Wycliffe Hall Council decided to offer the Principalship to Edward Burroughs (1885-1934). He attended a debate at the Upper House of Canterbury Convocation. He is staying for the weekend with Aunt Miriam Wilson (1848-1938) and Uncle Percy Wilson (1852-1949). He describes his schedule for the rest of the week. He has heard that Hilda and Bertie have had a baby daughter. Bertie has now gone back to Khartoum. Sent from Wormly Rectory, Broxbourne.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               16 Jul 1918

Francis James Chavasse fears that Christopher will not be able to take leave, on account of the new German offensive. He knows it will be a disappointment, but feels that Christopher will be rewarded by doing his duty. He is sending two books on Confirmation by Thomas Walter Gilbert. He will also send a copy of his Plain Sermons. He does not like ‘The Book of Churchmanship”. He is temporarily away from Bull Bay. He has heard from Edith that May has been called up and has to leave today. Aunt May is also leaving in order to meet Uncle Joseph Hooper (1852-1927). He heard about Holland’s return, and is sorry for his accident. He received the enclosed [non extant] letter from the President of Trinity College [Herbert Blakiston (1862-1942)]. He told Blakiston that he didn’t think that Christopher would take a role at Great Waltham. He asks is Christopher knows the Rev. Basil Bourchier (1881-1933), who was nearly shot by the German army for being a spy. Sent from the House of Lords, SW1.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               26 Jul 1918

Francis James Chavasse had a busy and strenuous time in London. He describes what he has been up to. He met various family members. He stayed with Aunt Maggie. Aunt May has gone home. Itza came to Bull Bay on Tuesday, looking tired, but now getting rested. Itza and Mary have been spending time together. They have read that the Yorkshire’s are fighting in the Ardre Valley, so they assume that Christopher is near there. He approves of Itza and thinks that Christopher is lucky to have her. He thinks that Christopher shares his hasty, impulsive and irritable temper, and that they must both work hard to overcome it. May is currently working at No. 73 General Hospital, 4 miles from Trouville. She will work there until the Liverpool Merchant’s Hospital is re-erected. William Cain (1864-1924) [?] has donated money for the hospital. Bernard has asked to be transferred to a Field Ambulance and has invented a new kind of stretcher. Dorothy and her children are going to Pen Dyffryn next week. He and Edith will go home with Itza. Sent from Bull Bay, Anglesey.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               28 Jul 1918

Francis James Chavasse’s stay in Bull Bay is nearly over. He will take Aylmer Foster-Carter back with his mother Dorothy. He and Edith will visit Rhyl on the way home to meet Miss Steele-Perkins. They think that Itza has benefitted from the holiday. Itza will be going to Shap Wells with her own family. Edith looks better for her holiday too. He will try to write a brief account of Noel during August. He has spoken to the Rev. Kenneth Mumford, who gave Noel and his men Communion three days before he was fatally wounded. Sent from Bull Bay, Anglesey.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              25 Oct 1918

Francis James Chavasse hopes that Christopher will receive his typewriter soon. Itza chose it and was able to buy it at a discount. He has told Itza that she and Christopher should use it together after the war. He thinks that, due to the work of President Woodrow Wilson, the defeat of Germany is in sight. A deputation from St. Paul’s, Widnes, asked if Christopher might take up a post there. He told them that Christopher would be staying with his men until the end of the war, and that he had recently turned down Christ Church, Summerfield for the same reason. Edith has been ill in bed. May has been able to help them. He has been in London this week for a Bishop’s meeting, and will go again to hold a Quiet Day for the East London Clergy. They are busy preparing for the consecration of Canon Martin Linton Smith (1869-1950). He tells Christopher to work hard, but also to allow himself time for rest. Mr. Dann [?] told him that he heard some soldiers speaking positively about Christopher’s work as a chaplain. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse               4 Nov 1918

Francis James Chavasse hopes that the letter reaches Christopher on his birthday [9 Nov]. He hopes that Christopher’s next birthday will be spent at home, as a married man. He does not see how Germany can hold out for much longer. He has written to Itza to ask if the typewriter has arrived. He reflects on his reading of Ecclesiasticus 1. The consecration of the Bishop of Warrington [Martin Linton Smith (1869-1950)] went well. He describes the consecration and lists some of the people who attended. Edith was able to direct the household arrangements. May was able to provide help to the guests. The new Bishop will be taking 10 confirmations before Christmas. He has written a letter about the proposed alterations to the Consecration Prayer.  Nine other Bishops have signed a memorandum in support. He goes to London on 6 Nov to lead a Quiet Day for the clergy of North and East London. The Church Army are raising money in Liverpool this week.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              16 Nov 1918

Francis James Chavasse suggests that Christopher talk matters over with his superior Officer and General Walter Braithwaite (1865-1945). He thinks that Christopher should stay for 6 months, then come home and have a holiday. While there will be a lot to do, Christopher ought to be one of the first men home, as he was one of the first men out. Almost all the churches in Liverpool are having a special service for the Armistice. There was a United Service at the Exchange News Room. He lists his upcoming arrangements. For the service at the Lady Chapel [of Liverpool Cathedral], he will preach from Ecclesiasticus XI. He believes that the defeat of Germany can be seen as God’s judgement on their unethical conduct. It is now time to appeal to the people for unity, and to carry out the work of reconstruction. Edith is feeling better. They had a Wycliffe Hall and Hostel [for ordinands, at the Bishop’s Palace in Liverpool] reunion. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              12 Dec 1918

Francis James Chavasse has had a strenuous time of late. He has 6 confirmations this week. The Rev. H.T. Malaher came to lunch and asked after Christopher. Malaher is in hospital at Blackpool recovering from dysentery contracted in Salonika. The Liverpool Merchants Hospital has been broken up, and May landed at Southampton today. She will volunteer again if nurses are needed. Bernard returns on Saturday and has several things planned. The election takes place on Saturday and Edith and Marjorie are voting. Itza came for lunch and told them Christopher’s latest news. They think he may be in Cologne. He feels sorry for the Germans being occupied. He preached at St. Saviour’s, Oxton, on behalf of the Liverpool Scripture Reader’s Society, dining afterwards with Dorothea and George Foster-Carter. He asks when Christopher will be home on leave. They are hoping to see Gladys Chavasse (1893-1962) when she opens a library at the Grafton Street School. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              19 Dec 1918

Francis James Chavasse is interested to hear that Christopher has been at Dinant, guessing that he is now near the Rhine. He was asked to sign a message of peace and goodwill to be sent to Germany, but did not feel that he could do so. He does not hate the Germans, but feels that they need to show contrition for their actions. He has settled the Daily Post account and has ordered 6 copies each of the 5 Reports of the Archbishop’s Committee. He has not read James Frazer’s ‘The Golden Bough’, but feels that it ought to be studied with caution. He met Frazer while he lived in Abercromby Square, finding him learned but unimpressive in appearance. He thinks that Frazer’s deductions should not always be depended upon. Both May and Bernard are now home. May would like to return to France for more volunteer work. Bernard is cheerful but restless, and has been speaking to several leading Liverpool doctors. Bernard, May and Marjorie went to Anglesey with Dorothy, Ainslie and Miss Cleland. Bernard is looking after his yacht, which he hopes to sell. Dorothy is not well due to over work. Joyce Eyre (1893-1918) has died, and he will probably take the funeral. Edith Chavasse is fairly well, though has been doing too much work. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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Letter from Francis James Chavasse to Christopher Chavasse              31 Dec 1918

Francis James Chavasse apologises for not writing sooner and more frequently, explaining that he has had a lot of work since he got back from Bull Bay. Dorothy, George Foster-Carter, their children Aylmer, Lois and Pamela, their nurse and Aunt Mary Maude (1848-1934) came for Christmas. Bernard went back to the France on 27 Dec. He thinks that Bernard is suffering from low spirits and tells Christopher to be patient and caring with him. He gave Bernard a copy of Christopher’s book of prayers for soldiers, which he hopes will help him. He is beginning to lose hope of finding Aidan, as the last prisoners have now returned home, and Aidan is not among them. Canon Oswald Henry Leycester Penrhyn (1828-1918) died yesterday. He thinks that Penrhyn was an old fashioned gentleman. He has sent Christopher the Master of the Temple’s ‘Lectures on Spiritualism’ and Joseph Barber Lightfoot’s (1828-1889) edition of Philippians. The election passed off quietly, though the results have been a surprise. He is sorry that Asquith was not returned, but glad of the fate of those he considered to be pacifists. He will send Christopher a copy of his annual pastoral letter. Sent from The Palace, 19 Abercromby Square, Liverpool.

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